The last Russian tsarNicholas IIruled until March and was executed with his family the following year.
Development[ edit ] Detail, Der Weg der Roten Fahne, Kulturpalast DresdenGermany Socialist realism was developed by many thousands of artists, across a diverse society, over several decades.
While these works do not have the same political connotation, they exhibit the techniques exercised by their successors. After the Bolsheviks took control of Russia on October 25,there was a marked shift in artistic styles.
There had been a short period of artistic exploration in the time between the fall of the Tsar and the rise of the Bolsheviks. Shortly after the Bolsheviks took control, Anatoly Lunacharsky was appointed as head of Narkomprosthe People's Commissariat for Enlightenment. Although Lunacharsky did not dictate a single aesthetic model for Soviet artists to follow, he developed a system of aesthetics based on the human body that would later help to influence socialist realism.
He believed that "the sight of a healthy body, intelligent face or friendly smile was essentially life-enhancing. By depicting "the perfect person" New Soviet manLunacharsky believed art could educate citizens on how to be the perfect Soviets.
Russian Futuristsmany of whom had been creating abstract or leftist art before the Bolsheviks, believed communism required a complete rupture from the past and, therefore, so did Soviet art.
Under Lenin 's rule and the New Economic Policythere was a certain amount of private commercial enterprise, allowing both the futurists and the traditionalists to produce their art for individuals with capital.
At this point, although the term "socialist realism" was not being used, its defining characteristics became the norm. The term was settled upon in meetings that included politicians of the highest level, including Stalin himself. The purpose of socialist realism was to limit popular culture to a specific, highly regulated faction of emotional expression that promoted Soviet ideals.
The key concepts that developed assured loyalty to the party, " partiinost' " party-mindedness"ideinost" idea- or ideological-content"klassovost" class content"pravdivost" truthfulness.
Not only was the present gloried, but the future was also supposed to be depicted in an agreeable fashion. Because the present and the future were constantly idealized, socialist realism had a sense of forced optimism.
Tragedy and negativity were not permitted, unless they were shown in a different time or place. This sentiment created what would later be dubbed "revolutionary romanticism.
Its purpose was to show how much the standard of living had improved thanks to the revolution. Art was used as educational information.
By illustrating the party's success, artists were showing their viewers that sovietism was the best political system. Art was also used to show how Soviet citizens should be acting.
The ultimate aim was to create what Lenin called "an entirely new type of human being": The New Soviet Man. Art especially posters and murals was a way to instill party values on a massive scale.
Stalin described the socialist realist artists as "engineers of souls. Art became more than an aesthetic pleasure; instead it served a very specific function. Soviet ideals placed functionality and work above all else; therefore, for art to be admired, it must serve a purpose.
Georgi Plekhanova Marxist theoretician, states that art is useful if it serves society: People who could not be shown as either wholly good or wholly evil could not be used as characters.
This view on morality called for idealism over realism. The styles used in creating art during this period were those that would produce the most realistic results.
Painters would depict happy, muscular peasants and workers in factories and collective farms. During the Stalin period, they produced numerous heroic portraits of the dictator to serve his cult of personality —all in the most realistic fashion possible.
At this point the group had begun participating in state promoted mass forms of art like murals, jointly made paintings, advertisement production and textile design. Society of Easel Painters OSt [ edit ] While the Society of Easel Painters OSt was also focused on the glorification of the revolution they, as per their name, worked individually as easel painters.
The most common subjects of the OSt's works fit with the developing socialist realism trope. Their paintings consisted of sport and battle, industry and modern technology. Even before the end of the USSR inthe government had been loosening its hold on censorship.The fact that Lenin and Stalin kept secret that their ultimate goal was to bring about world-wide revolution did not sit well with world powers USSR: a new government set up by communists, that was part of the old Russian Empire, also know as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republicans.
Why American And Soviet Union Support Different Terrorist Organization. The Soviet Union formally collapsed on December 26th, The dissolution of the world’s first and largest Communist state also marked the end of the Cold War.
Mikhail Gorbachev (in office from May 25th, December 25th, ) was the leader of the Soviet Union mainly credited in driving the Soviet Union into near. Socialist realism is a style of idealized realistic art that was developed in the Soviet Union and was imposed as the official style in that country between and , as well as in other socialist countries after World War II.
Socialist realism is characterized by the glorified depiction of communist values, such as the emancipation of the proletariat, by means of realistic imagery. The Soviet Union is traditionally considered to be the successor of the Russian ashio-midori.com last Russian tsar, Nicholas II, ruled until March and was executed with his family the following ashio-midori.com Soviet Union was established in December as the union of the Russian (colloquially known as Bolshevist Russia), Ukrainian, Belarusian, and Transcaucasian Soviet republics ruled by Bolshevik Capital (and largest city): Moscow, 55°45′N 37°38′E.
The Support of Socialist Realism in the Soviet Union's Government PAGES 4. WORDS 2, View Full Essay. More essays like this: bolshevik, social realism, soviet union government, lenin and marx.
Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Exactly what I needed. Socialist Realism, officially sanctioned theory and method of literary composition prevalent in the Soviet Union from to the mids.
For that period of history Socialist Realism was the sole criterion for measuring literary works. Defined and reinterpreted over years of polemics, it remains a vague term.