Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. The Palestine Exploration Fund, founded insponsored a number of excavations and topographic surveys. It was not, however, until the excavations of Kathleen Kenyon between and that the first modern, scientific archaeological work was conducted in the city. There are also notable remains of public buildings alongside a main street.
Though both existed apart from each other for many centuries, during the last 3, years they have been intertwined. Perhaps it should come as no surprise that the history of Jerusalem is also one of incredible violence, death, destruction, and resiliency. Ancient Jerusalem sat centrally located within the mountains of western Palestine.
It was a city of hills and valleys. At an elevation of 2, feet, Jerusalem belongs to a stretch of mountains known as the Central Mountain Range, or Central Ridge.
Jerusalem sits nestled amongst the hills of Judea, a stretch of hills ranging over 60 miles from Bethel in the north to Beersheba in the south. Bethel, the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem and the mountains of Bethlehem are all part of the same range.
The hill country of Ephraim also incorporated some of this region. Steep ravines descending to the valleys below provided natural support to Jerusalem in the west, south and east. Though not located on any international trade routes of antiquity, Jerusalem was a strategic city in a strategic location.
People were first attracted to the Gihon Spring. It is a natural spring and the only steady and reliable water source in Jerusalem, and one of the very few in all of the central mountain region. The Central Ridge is also the watershed. To the west, water descends into the Shephelah and the many western flowing streams ending up in the Great Sea.
Throughout Jerusalem's history the terrain has protected it in many instances, yet the city has its vulnerabilities, particularly in the north. Elevation in the region ranges from 2, feet to 3, feet above the Mediterranean Sea.
Bethel was 2, feet above the sea, and ten miles north of Jerusalem. The higher elevations were in the south near Hebron. Jerusalem was nestled into these mountains surrounding her. To the south and southeast of the city of God was a vast and formidable wilderness. The wilderness of Judea included the wildernesses of Zaphon and Maon, which lay further to the south of Hebron and made famous through the exploits of David and Saul.
In the east, the Dead Sea collided with this desert-like region of mountain cliffs and barren landscape.
Jerusalem has been heavily influenced by its geography. King David of Israel: The city of Jerusalem and the nation of Israel became intertwined under King David.
He conquered Jebus from the Jebusites, renaming his new capital Jerusalem. King David forever tied together Jerusalem and Israel.
The Old City of Jerusalem has been a center of culture, religion and history for thousands of years, from the time of the Judean kings and the Roman era through the . Click on a link below to view various topics and aspects on the city of Jerusalem. King David of Israel: The city of Jerusalem and the nation of Israel became intertwined under King David. He conquered Jebus from the Jebusites, renaming his new capital Jerusalem. King David forever tied together Jerusalem and Israel. Dec 05, · Watch video · A Palestinian man uses a rope to climb over a section of Israel's controversial separation barrier that separates the West Bank city of al-Ram from east Jerusalem on Feb. 24,
This page explores the history of Jerusalem through various maps of Jerusalem. These maps explore the geography of both Jerusalem, and the surrounding areas.
Map of Ancient Jerusalem: Trace this ancient city through its various stages and occupations. The map of ancient Jerusalem started with Abraham's encounter with Melchizedek. By the time it is mentioned in the Bible, Jerusalem was already an ancient city.
Ancient Jerusalem can be traced back to the Copper Age.
Settlement and pottery date back thousands of years before Abram met Melchizedek in the valley of Shaveh. This page covers geographical and Biblical elements within the span of Jersualem's storied history, whereas the above focuses more on the pre-Biblical ancient history of Jerusalem.
Abraham and Melchizedek are covered in this section, as is the importance geography played in Jerusalem's history. No period in history has left its imprint upon mankind like Jesus in first-century Jerusalem.
The life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ changed mankind forever. These events took place along the streets of ancient Jerusalem. The Gates of Jerusalem: They stand today as a testament to the antiquity and importance of this mystical city, and guard the entrance into the holiest area in the world.
It remains today as the focus of tension in the Middle East. East Jerusalem remained under Arab-Palestinian control. Jerusalem once again became the capital of Israel.The Old City of Jerusalem is surely one of the greatest sites in Israel; amazingly intense, hugely religious, and with history poring out of every corner a must-see in Israel if ever there was one!
The Old City interests many people for many different reasons. The most contested city on earth is also one of the most beautiful. The scope of its history is staggering, and its vital place in the traditions of all three monotheistic faiths has led to it being fought over continually through the centuries.
This is the heart of the Holy Land, where the Jews.
Any city, Jerusalem included, can be defined either in current administrative terms, as the area declared by legal means to be part of a municipality; or in historical terms, as the city which resulted from a process of urban development, united into one entity by a common territory, history and by virtue of its natural and social characteristics.
Jerusalem has been a contested city for much of its history and remains one today. The sacred nature of the city for three religious communities has led to competing religious, political, and historical narratives. May 30, · Jerusalem, a mosaic of different peoples, faiths, and nationalities.
Nevertheless, despite this diversity, under the sovereignty of Israel, Jerusalem is a city . The Old City of Jerusalem has been a center of culture, religion and history for thousands of years, from the time of the Judean kings and the Roman era through the .