Background[ edit ] The Euthyphro dialogue occurs near the court of the archon basileus king magistratewhere Socrates and Euthyphro encounter each other; each man is present at the court for the preliminary hearings to possible trials 2a. Euthyphro has come to present charges of murder against his own father who, after arresting one of his workers for killing a slave from the family estate on Naxos Islandtied him and threw him in a ditch where he died of exposure to the elements without proper care and attention 3e—4d while Euthyphro's father awaited to hear from the exegetes cf. Laws d about how to proceed. Socrates is astonished by Euthyphro's confidence in being able to prosecute his own father for the serious charge of manslaughter, despite the fact that Athenian Law allows only relatives of the dead man to file suit for murder.
Is something good because it is approved, because it benefits someone, or because it has the intrinsic qualities of goodness? Something is good because it is approved. Something is good because it benefits someone. Something is good because it is intrinsically good. Throughout Plato's critique and review of philosophical dilemmas, it often seems as though he speaks through the voice of Socrates' himself.
A further example of Plato's thought experiments being verbalized by his muse, Socrates, is found in my analysis of Plato's Republic.
What's important to realize is that the question of whether Socrates was a real character in history, or whether Socrates was a projection of Plato's mind bears little importance when analyzing Plato's overall work and thought experiments.
So, without further ado, let's begin. Next, I will explain the difference between "the gods loving the pious because it is pious" and "the pious being pious because the gods love it". Finally, I will give my opinion as to what I think the pious can be explained as.
Source The Form of Piety and Holiness: Eidos To begin, Socrates urges Euthyphro to examine his ideals of what piety or holiness are. Euthyphro concludes that what is holy is what all gods agree upon, and that which is not agreed upon is unholy. This, however, perplexes Socrates, because it seems that there are disputes among the gods as the what is deemed right or pious.
What Socrates wants to understand is the form of holy. The form of holy would have to be the same in all instances. After, Euthyphro needs further explanation. Socrates explains the difference by stating that being approved is an example either of coming to be so or of being affected by something.
So, if the gods unanimously agreed on one thing being holy, it would be holy because they say so, not because it is holy in form.
On the other hand, there can be something that is holy, yet all of the gods might not agree upon it. In this case, those who do not agree would be mistaken, since they would be rejecting the true form of holy; a form outside of the gods themselves.
Source Do the Gods Benefit from Piety? After some thought, Euthyphro comes up with a response to what Socrates has just posited.
Euthyphro says that holiness is the part of justice which looks after the gods. So, Socrates then makes the comparison and analogy of other services, such as shipbuilders achieving the creation of boats.
This shows that services create a multitude of good things for those who partake in such endeavors. Socrates points out that this may also be a problem, because it is not the fact that whenever you do things that are holy, you are improving the gods in some way.
Euthyphro sees this problem, and then chooses to say that while the gods get no benefit from our services, they do get gratification. When understanding gratification, Socrates suggests that explaining holiness in terms of gratification of the gods is similar to explaining it in terms of their approval.
With this, Socrates must have chuckled, because we are now back to the statement that what is holy is what is approved by the gods. In such an instance, Socrates would have merely had to suggest, as he did, that the gods quarrel and often times do not conclude the same rulings as each other.
So, it seems, knowledge of the form of holy is what remains most important.
Form is not something that can be taken from or added to. If I were to debate in relational terms to the ancient greek gods, I would say that piety is a form outside of the gods, and that the gods recognize this form to be an unchanging truth that comes from outside themselves and thus accept it as such.
It is not something that comes about because of its approval, it is something that just is, and the approval can be something that can be said for it. God does not approve piety, for piety is this God. Instead, humans say that God approves the piety, just as we say anything else.
For, in human reality, all things appear separate, and we thus attribute things in relation to this appearance of separateness.
So, when we say that God approves pious actions, we are deceiving ourselves unless we truly mean that God is all pious actions that can come about. I say my arm, but I mean my body. We considered the differences between gods creating the pious with their approval and the gods loving the pious because it is pious.
Finally, we examined what the opposing arguments would have looked like had the opposing statement been made, along with my personal opinion on all matters of piety and other such matter as these.
Plato's Euthyphro Dilemma Questions must be on-topic, written with proper grammar usage, and understandable to a wide audience.An essay or paper on Plato's Euthyphro Analysis on Piety. Euthyphro Plato"s Euthyphro is an obscure dialogue conversation that attempts to unveil an ideal meaning or definition of piety (holiness).
The purpose of this paper as a whole is to analyze shifts or transitions, as to where definitions of piety are being made. Mar 24, · This essay is designed to examine Plato’s “Euthyphro,” and to discuss the ideas of piety which are presented through an elenchus between Socrates and Euthyphro.
Throughout Plato's critique and review of philosophical dilemmas, it often seems as though he speaks through the voice of Reviews: 3. The Euthyphro and The Republic I. In the Euthyphro, Euthyphro himself gives three proposals of piety. First, the pious is to prosecute the wrongdoer and the impious is not to prosecute the wrongdoer.
- Defining the Ideal in Plato's The Republic In , Vance Palmer, the famous Australian author and poet, noted, in his essay titled "On Boundaries", that "it is the business of thought to define things, to find the boundaries; thought, indeed, is .
- The Euthyphro and The Republic I. In the Euthyphro, Euthyphro himself gives three proposals of piety. First, the pious is to prosecute the wrongdoer and the impious is not to prosecute the wrongdoer.
- This essay attempts to present a critical analysis of the literary works of Plato. Plato's literary work span is wide containing issues. Socrates/Plato In Euthyphro/Republic Essay, Research Paper I. In the Euthyphro, Euthyphro himself gives three proposals of piousness.
First, the pious is to prosecute the offender and the impious is non to prosecute the offender.