Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers.
The strands focus on academic oracy proficiency in oral expression and comprehensionauthentic reading, and reflective writing to ensure a literate Texas.
The strands are integrated and progressive with students continuing to develop knowledge and skills with increased complexity and nuance in order to think critically and adapt to the ever-evolving nature of language and literacy.
Strands include the four domains of language listening, speaking, reading, and writing and their application in order to accelerate the acquisition of language skills so that students develop high levels of social and academic language proficiency.
Although some strands may require more instructional time, each strand is of equal value, may be presented in any order, and should be integrated throughout the year. It is important to note that encoding spelling and decoding reading are reciprocal skills.
Decoding is internalized when tactile and kinesthetic opportunities encoding are provided. Additionally, students should engage in academic conversations, write, read, and be read to on a daily basis with opportunities for cross-curricular content and student choice.
As skills and knowledge are obtained in each of the seven strands, students will continue to apply earlier standards with greater depth to increasingly complex texts in multiple genres as they become self-directed, critical learners who work collaboratively while continuously using metacognitive skills.
To demonstrate this knowledge throughout the stages of English language acquisition, comprehension of text requires additional scaffolds such as adapted text, translations, native language support, cognates, summaries, pictures, realia, glossaries, bilingual dictionaries, thesauri, and other modes of comprehensible input.
ELLs can and should be encouraged to use knowledge of their first language to enhance vocabulary development; vocabulary needs to be in the context of connected discourse so that it is meaningful. For a further understanding of second language acquisition needs, refer to the ELPS and proficiency-level descriptors adopted in Chapter 74, Subchapter A, of this title relating to Required Curriculum.
The student develops oral language through listening, speaking, and discussion. The student is expected to: The student develops word structure knowledge through phonological awareness, print concepts, phonics, and morphology to communicate, decode, and spell.
The student uses newly acquired vocabulary expressively. The student reads grade-appropriate texts independently. The student is expected to self-select text and interact independently with text for increasing periods of time.
The student uses metacognitive skills to both develop and deepen comprehension of increasingly complex texts. The student responds to an increasingly challenging variety of sources that are read, heard, or viewed.
The student recognizes and analyzes literary elements within and across increasingly complex traditional, contemporary, classical, and diverse literary texts.
The student recognizes and analyzes genre-specific characteristics, structures, and purposes within and across increasingly complex traditional, contemporary, classical, and diverse texts. The student uses the writing process recursively to compose multiple texts that are legible and uses appropriate conventions.
The student uses genre characteristics and craft to compose multiple texts that are meaningful. The student engages in both short-term and sustained recursive inquiry processes for a variety of purposes. Strands include the four domains of language listening, speaking, reading, writing and their application in order to accelerate the acquisition of language skills so that students develop high levels of social and academic language proficiency.
The student reads grade-level text with fluency and comprehension. The student is expected to use appropriate fluency rate, accuracy, and prosody when reading grade-level text. The student is expected to self-select text and read independently for a sustained period of time.A writer’s style is a reflection of his or her personality, unique voice, and way of approaching the audience and readers.
However, every piece writers write is for a specific purpose—for example, writers may want to explain how something works or persuade people to agree with their point of view.
§ Implementation of Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Elementary, Adopted (a) The provisions of this section and §§ of this title shall be implemented by school districts. Classically educating children in the way they naturally develop with the desired result of producing a bold educated servant of Christ.
Persuasive Writing Worksheets. 1st grade. Reading & writing. Worksheet. Field Trip Opinion. Worksheet. Field Trip Opinion. Second graders love field trips! Help your child defend jolly old Saint Nicholas with this persuasive essay exercise, that revolves around the question, "Does Santa exist?".
Speech About The Invention That Changed The World. World War I Outline: I. Introduction A. What were the major power of the war B.
The reasons for which I find this topic to be of interest to myself C. The research question that I will be answering: What new inventions did the war encourage D.
Thesis statement II. Background A. Shed a light on the history of the war B. Gives examples for the.
Captivating, Informative Speech Ideas on Family and Ethics. The family is the necessary foundation of any society. Learning how different families work, through informative speech ideas improves social interaction, and helps students understand the challenges facing different families.