Visit Website In the 17th and 18th centuries, black slaves worked mainly on the tobacco, rice and indigo plantations of the southern coast, from the Chesapeake Bay colonies of Maryland and Virginia south to Georgia.
Transcript of radio broadcast: Life in the United States began to return to normal. Soldiers began to come home and find peacetime jobs.
Industry stopped producing war equipment and began to produce goods that made peacetime life pleasant. The American economy was stronger than ever.
Some major changes began to take place in the American population. Many Americans were not satisfied with their old ways of life. They wanted something better. And many people were earning enough money to look for a better life. Millions of them moved out of cities and small towns to buy newly-built homes in the suburbs.
Our program today will look at the growth of suburbs and other changes in the American population in the years after World War Two.
The United States has always counted its population every ten years.
The government needed to know how many people lived in each state so it would know how many congressmen each state should have. The first count was made two-hundred years ago.
At that time, the country had about four million persons. One hundred years later, the population had increased to about sixty-three million persons. By nineteen fifty, there were more than one hundred fifty million persons in the United States. In the early years of America, the average mother had eight to ten children.
Living conditions were hard. Many children died at an early age. Families needed a lot of help on the farm. So it was good to have many children. This changed in the years that followed. Families began to have fewer and fewer children. By nineteen hundred, the average woman only had three or four children and by nineteen thirty-six, during the great economic depression, the average American mother gave birth to only two children.
This changed immediately after World War Two. Suddenly, it seemed, every family started having babies. Parents were hopeful about the future. There were lots of jobs.
And people everywhere felt the need for a family and security after the long, difficult years of the war.
So the birth rate increased suddenly. The number of children between the ages of five and fourteen increased by more than ten million between nineteen fifty and nineteen sixty.After the war, and with the onset of the Cold War, segregation and inequality within the U.S. were brought into sharp focus on the world stage, prompting federal and judicial action.
President Harry Truman appointed a special committee to investigate racial conditions that detailed a civil rights agenda in its report, To Secure These Rights.
Even during the Second World War black males were much more likely to be deferred from service due to failing the literacy test and being labeled “mentally deficient,” a practice that had been used to exclude blacks from many areas of society for a long time (Turner and Bound , 4).
Nov 12, · The history of African-Americans begins with slavery, as white European settlers first brought Africans to the continent to serve as slaves.
The fate of . World War II was the biggest and deadliest war in history, involving more than 30 countries. Sparked by the Nazi invasion of Poland, the war dragged on for six bloody years until the Allies.
The beginning of World War ashio-midori.com contestants in WWII were divided into two groups, the Allied Powers and the Axis Powers.
The following countries were in the Allied Powers: Soviet Union,United States,Britain, China, France, Poland, Belgium, and the Netherlands.
As for many Americans, the Second World War boosted the economic prospects of many African Americans. In particular, war industries created a demand for labor, which many black workers, including.