Pompey The Great B. Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus one of the great statesmen and generals of the late Roman Republic, a triumvir BCthe associate and later opponent of Julius Caesar.
Account for Pompey s rise to political prominence between 62 BC. You are to examine and analyse political machinations of Pompey and attempt to explain how he managed to fulfil his ambition.
You must establish a clear understanding of the complexities of the political situation and the effects of the Civil War. Pompey was a Roman general and statesman, the erstwhile ally of Julius Caesar, but later his arch rival for power.
Pompey was born in Rome into a senatorial family, and established an impressive military record. He entered Rome in triumph, but encountered opposition from the Senate.
The career of Pompeius opened in fraud and violence. It was instigated, in war and peace, through illegality and treachery. Pompey was a great general, but a bad politician. Pompey helped to end the slave revolt of Spartacus in 72 BC. Because of his leadership abilities, Pompey was elected consul in 70 BC.
However, he ran into opposition in the senate, especially from Marcus Crassus, and returned to leading the army to more conquests. Pompey was an opportunist, he worked by himself, all the while leading the senate to think that he was working with them.
He manipulated the senate to make out that Caesar was dangerous. Pompey became the most powerful man in Rome.
During the time of his political prominence, the senate was very weak. Because of Pompeys popularity with the public and his military ability, along with his opportunism, he rose to this political prominence by his political machinations.
Pompey was a young, confident man who had a habit to boast of the magnitude of his clientela, to advertise monarchs and nations bound to his personal allegiance.
Pompey had from Thrance to the Causasus and down to Egypt acknowledging his predominance. The worship of power, paid homage to Pompey as a god, a saviour and a benefactor, devising before long a novel title, the warden of earth and sea.
Although Pompey was credited with vast military success, and hailed as Imperator several times, there is evidence to suggest that Pompey was not actually as skilled as he first appears. Pompey often avoided binding agreements, which could see him locked into losing a position.
He frequently switched sides from the Optimates in the senateto the Populares in the triumvirate whenever he saw advantage. Therefore, Pompey was an opportunist. Pompey s military commands were mostly not his own work, He usually was appointed towards the end of a campaign largely completed by other people.
This shows the weakness of the senate. Pompey almost always received complete credit for the successful conclusion of the war.
Indeed, it is likely that Pompey only entered into military engagements if it either provided him with political power or influence over people, which could translate into political power.
Pompey was insatiably covetous, which was a great cause of people s hatred for him. But many loved Pompey; his temperance, his skill and exercise in war, his eloquence of speech, integrity of mind, and affability in conversation and address.
No men ever asked a favour of Pompey with less offence, or conferred one with a better grace. When he gave, it was without assumption, when received; it was dignity and honour.
Pompey was too much on the popular side, in that he had decided to restore the tribunician power. The state of Italy in 78 BC was dangerous, the senate was confronted with a crisis. It s statesmanship and its competence to wield the powers put into its hands were submitted to a searching test, and this ordeal was the first of many.
Aemilius Lepidus, one of the consuls of 78 BC delivered an attack which the government repelled. But the continuous pressure revealed the weakness of the senatorial position, and the citadel of the Sullan constitution had fallen. The breakdown of the Sullan system and the rise of Pompey then forced the senate back at every point.
Pompey s contracted ties of friendship with a number of great landowners of the class and rank of M.Question: Account for Pompey's rise to political prominence between 62 BC. You are to examine and analyse political machinations of Pompey and attempt to explain how he managed to fulfil his ambition.
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers. DIR Atlas AUGUSTUS (31 B.C. - 14 A.D.) [Additional entry on this emperor's life is available in DIR Archives].
Garrett G. Fagan Pennsylvania State University. Introduction Augustus is arguably the single most important figure in Roman history.
Question: Account for Pompeys rise to political prominence between 62 BC. You are to examine and analyse political machinations of Pompey and attempt to explain how he managed to fulfil his ambition.
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers. DIR Atlas AUGUSTUS (31 B.C. - 14 A.D.) [Additional entry on this emperor's life is available in DIR Archives]. Garrett G.
Fagan Pennsylvania State University. Introduction Augustus is arguably the single most important figure in Roman history. The Roman Empire. Category: Ancients. Owner: Kohaku.
Last Modified: 12/24/ 2 78 BC). Although he re-instated the role of dictator, Sulla did not wish Rome to evolve into an autocracy.
In fact, Sulla relinquished his totalitarian power once he thought his actions had secured the Republic’s future. By 60 BC, Pompey took part in the. CHAPTER 2 POMPEY’S ORGANIZATION OF THE EAST: BITHYNIA-PONTUS.
52 Lucius Cornelius Sulla died in in 78 BC the treaty he had made with Mithridates after the first war, was still not ratified. This work covers Pompey’s two commands in the east ( BC) leading up to the final creation of three provinces, Pontus, Cilicia and Syria.