Defense By Judith Oliver - The relationship between the executive and legislative branches of government hinges on what party is in charge of each branch and what issues are at the top of their respective agendas. Another consideration is the personalities of those individuals in leadership positions.
The following was prepared by the Office of the Secretary of the Senate with the assistance of the Library of Congress, providing the original text of each clause of the Constitution with an accompanying explanation of its meaning and how that meaning has changed over time.
He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows: This clause provided the title of the chief executive and defined the term of office.
It says nothing about reelection. George Washington established a two-term tradition, which was not broken until Franklin D. Roosevelt won a third and fourth term.
The 22nd amendment now limits presidents to two terms. Article II, Section 1, Clauses 2, 3 and 4: Election Text Explanation Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: The Constitution established an electoral college as a compromise between direct popular election of the president and election by Congress.
The method of selecting electors was left to the states. Electors are now chosen by popular vote. The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by Ballot for two Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate.
The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number of Electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such Majority, and have an equal Number of Votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President; and if no Person have a Majority, then from the five highest on the List the said House shall in like Manner chuse the President.
But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representatives from each State having one Vote; a quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice.
But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice-President. This clause was superseded by the 12th amendment, after the election of in which Thomas Jefferson and his running mate, Aaron Burr, received identical votes and both claimed the office.
After many votes, the House of Representatives chose Jefferson, and soon thereafter the amendment was speedily approved.
The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States.
Congress has enacted legislation requiring that presidential elections the selection of electors occur on the Tuesday following the first Monday in November every four years. Electors gather to vote on the Monday after the second Wednesday in December.
The two houses of Congress convene to count the electoral ballots on the following January 6. Article II, Section 1, Clause 5: Qualifications Text Explanation No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.The Legislative Branch is in charge of making the laws and changing existing laws based on the Constitution and The Bill of Rights.
The legislative branch is one of the three main branches of a democratic government. This branch is responsible for creating laws and treaties which affect internal. Aug 21, · Watch video · The judicial branch of the U.S.
government is the system of federal courts and judges that interprets laws made by the legislative branch and enforced by the executive branch.
At the top of the. executive department (a federal department in the executive branch of the government of the United States) Holonyms ("executive branch" is a member of): U.S. ; U.S. government ; United States ; United States government ; US Government (the executive and legislative and judicial branches of the federal government of the United States).
Executive Branch, the branch of the United States government devoted to administering and enforcing the country’s laws. The country’s laws are written by the legislative branch (Congress).
Executive Branch agencies issue regulations with the full force of law, but these are only under the authority of laws enacted by Congress.
The President may veto bills Congress passes, but Congress may also override a veto by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House of Representatives. UNIT 2 – LEGISLATIVE & EXECUTIVE P.
KAPITANIAK 1 THE EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATIVE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT The political institutions of the United Kingdom are divided into the legislative.